Hill Stations and Wildlife Sanctuaries

Hill Stations of Kerala

Description: Kerala hill stationKerala has its exotic appeal in the highland area of the Western Ghats. The ghats have an average height of 1520 m, and the tropical forests of the ghats house not only rich flora and fauna, but also expansive, loamy plantations of tea, coffee, rubber and fragrant cardamom.

Hill Station Tourist Destinations in Kerala

The important hillstations of Kerala are the following:

Idukki

Idukki is one of the most nature-rich areas of Kerala and the high ranges and wooded valleys are girded by three main rivers and which is home to an amazing range of wildlife. The Idukki district notably supplies about 66% of Kerala's power consumption. The main tourist attraction here are- Idukki wildlife Sanctuary, Tea plantations, Spice plantations,Idukki arch dam, Waterfalls at Keezar Kuthu. The nearest rail and air terminal is at Madurai 140 km away.

Munnar

Description: Munnar Hill stationMunnar Hill station in Kerala is noted for its panoramic views, the clean surroundings and the refreshing mountain pastures. Kochi or Cochin is the airport and railway station nearest to Munnar, located around 130 kms away from this scenic hill station. Chithirapuram,a hill town, 10 kms from Munnar, is famous for its picturesque tea plantation.

Topstation

The rare flower Neelakurinji (Strobilanthus) that blooms only once in 12 years, are seem in this region.

Ponmudi

Ponmudi is a picturesque hill station with the blossom of orchids, mountain efflorescence and rich spice plantations at a distance of 61 km (1.5 hrs drive) from Thiruvanthapuram.

Devikulam

An awesome experience lies in this idyllic hill station, 7 kms from Munnar, & 'Sita Devi' lake, is ideal for trout fishing. It is an idyllic trekker's paradise. You can reach Devikulam from both Kottayam and Kochi. The distance from Kochi is 149 km (4 hr drive) and that from Kottayam is 132 km (4.5 hrs drive).

Vagamon

Vagamon, exudes itself as a trekker's paradise & a cultural hub in Kerala. Vagamon is well connected by road to Kottayam, Palai and Idukki. A 2-2.5 hrs (approx) drive from any of these places will take you to Vagamon

Chembra Wayanad

Wayanad Chembra, which is 14 km west of Kalpeta, at 2100 m above mean sea level, and the highest Peak in Wayanad is Chemara. It is located 14 Km from Kalpetta. Chemara is 2100 M above the sea level.

Nelliyampathy

Nelliyampathy is famous for its lush plantations, hilly areas and pleasant climate, The place is surrounded with dense green forests.

Malampuzha

A beautiful hill station in Palakakd on which the longest river of Kerala, the Bharathappuzha flows. Places of attraction in Malampuzha are -The Malampuzha Gardens, Snake Park, Children's Park , Reservoir , Garden House , Japanese Garden , Hanging Bridge , Sculpture Of Yakshi , Ropeway , Road Train , Telescopic Tower , Rock Garden and Fantasy Park.

Attappady

Attappady is noted for its tribal population. The travel through the steep hills and the sight of the green forest areas are a wonderful experience.

Pakshipathalam

This is a place only for people who are interested in trekking as this area is accessible only by trekking. Located at the north eastern portion of Thirunelli. Pakshipathalam is a hot trekking area. This area has an abundant variety of rare and exotic species of birds and animals .

Peerumedu

Description: Peerumedu tea plantationsPeerumedu, the Hill Station in Kerala named after a Sufi saint Peer Mohammed attracts all, with the lure of its rich natural beauty and vibrant culture. The Peerumedu area is rich for its plantations of tea, coffee, cardamom, rubber and eucalyptus.

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Kerala Wild Life

Kerala in South India is home to many kinds of animals and plants of rare kinds; There are wild life sanctuaries that provide protection and also let the aspiring tourists watch them in their natural surroundings. 

Kerala forest are blessed with rare species of animals like Niligiri Tahr, Tigers, Leopards, the lion tailed macaque-which are getting extinct, elephants and other small and common animals like squirrels ,monkeys etc.The Malabar giant squirrel is also common here.

Take a journey across the backwaters of Kerala and you would be enthralled by the scenes of beautiful birds. Birds like Malabar hornbills, Kingfisher, cormorants, brahminy kites, and darters are abundant along the backwater costs.

These exotic scenes could be watched traveling in a comfortable boat along the backwaters of Kerala. 

You will feel elated to as you trek quietly along the jungles in Kerala, hear crickets chirp and the sweet jungle sounds; the trees and shrubs shocking green. You will love the very scent of air so aromatic many a time; a bond of a lifetime may begin here.

Wild Life Tourist Destinations in Kerala

The important wildlife destinations of Kerala are the following:

Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary

This wonderful land located in the Western Ghats' rain shadow region is blessed with the presence of the Giant Grizzled Squirrel of India which is an endangered species. Without traveling deep into the forest you can watch the wildlife at a very close distance from the road. Other attractions are the Marayoor Sandal forest and Thoovanam waterfalls.

Nearest Airports - Coimbatore, Cochin.
Nearest Railway Station - Pollachi (60 Km) And Aluva (200 Kms)

Eravikulam National Park

Eravikulam National Park (15 km from Munnar) : Eravilulam is the only national park in the state.Hill tops dominate this area.This is a best place for adventure filled trekking.Even you can reach the top of Anamudi peak by foot which is 2695 Mts high.

Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary

Idukki is best accessed through road.The nearest airport - Madurai is 143 Kms away. The main attraction here is the arch dam which is the main source of electricity in Kerala. The wildlife sanctuary is situated around the banks of the land between the two rivers Periyar and Cheruthoni.

The panoramic view of the lake and the sanctuary is a worth to view one.You may get the view of the jungle population including leopards, elephants, bisons, deer, hornbill etc

Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary

Kumarakom in Kottayam district is a major tourist destination in Kerala. It is easily accessible through road and rail. The bird sanctuary here is considered as an ornithologist's paradise. House boats here are very much famous. A travel along the Vembanad Lake would be really memorable. Migratory birds from round the globe visit here. Other common birds here are Siberian stork, egret, skylark, crane, Woodpecker, darter, heron teal.

Periyar Tiger Reserve

Periyar wildlife sanctuary is one of the top wildlife sanctuaries of the country.The main tourist destination here in Thekkady.It is accessible by road, 5 Kms from Kumily town. Extending over 777 sq Km, Periyar National Park is a pleasure to visit on your Kerala Backwater tour and you're sure to enjoy its rich variety of flora and fauna if you're a wildlife lover.

The Periyar Lake is surrounded by forest with its abundance of vide variety of flora and fauna. Taking a backwater trip you would be really enthralled to see different kinds if animals including bison, elephants, gaurs, langur, Sambar deer, wild boars etc grazing on the bank of the lakes. The Otter can also be sighted.

In Kumily and around which is near the sanctuary there are many plantations, kilometers wide. The main plantations here are cloves, Tea, ginger, cumin, turmeric, nutmeg, vanilla and cardamom.

Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary

This bird sanctuary is situated between the branches of Periyar River. The credit of designing of this sanctuary owes to the great ornithologist. Dr.Salim Ali. He himself identified 167 birds The birds found in this sanctuary are, Crimson-Throated ,Jungle Nightjar, Pied Wagtail, Kite, Shrike, Common Snipe, Indian Roller, Black winged Kite, Bee-eater, Large, Baya, Night Heron ,Pheasant, Sunbird, Malabar Trogon etc. The area also has the presence of wild mammals including Leopard, elephants, bear and porcupine.

Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary

The literal meaning of Wayanad is the land of Swamps.The sanctuary is rich in its deciduous teak forests and dense bamboo growths. The area is located among the most forested belts in the Indian Peninsula.

Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is blessed with the presence of a wide variety of flora and fauna icluding Jungle cat, Bison, Panther, Peacock ,Jungle fowl, Drongo, Venteak, Vengal, Chadachi etc.

Silent Valley National Park

Silent Valley is located in Palakkad district. The place with back water tourism takes you along the India's last area if tropical evergreen rain forest. The area is a precious biodiversity resource. The main attraction of this area is the presence of the endangered species-the lion tailed macaque. The area got its name-silent valley because this area is not noisy by the cicadas usual elsewhere. On taking a Kerala backwater tour you would be able to get the sight of the wildlife here, which includes Lion-Tailed Macaque Civet Cat Malabar Giant Squirrel and Flying squirrel. Birds like the Malabar Hornbill, kingfishers and tree pie, barbets,parakeets, Great Indian Hornbill, rollers, and hoopoes are observed here.

Access by Air: The nearest airport -Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu, is 55 Km away. 
Access by Road: 40 Km from Mannarkkad

Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary

This is a bird sanctuary formed between the branches of the river Periyar River. The avifauna includes indigenous birds like, rose billed roller, Malabar grey hornbill, Ceylon, frog-mouth, rose winged and blue winged parakeet. Rare birds like grey jungle fowl, heron, egret, jungle myna, wood pecker etc. It is also an interesting fishing spot. A few tigers and leopards are here.A giant teak, 40 m high and 6.4 m in girth and apathy named kannimaram the first tree, stands as monuments of the past.

Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary

Peppara could be reached form Vithurai on Thiruvananthapuram - Ponmudi road. Its rich in its fauna and birds .It is spread over an area of 53 Sq.Km .The commonly seen animals here are Lion tailed monkeys, Elephant, Sambar, Leopard etc. Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary is located 50 Kms from Trivandrum.

Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary

The Neyyar wildlife sanctuary is near the Neyyar reservoir which extends upto 9.06 Km.The second highest peak Agasthyarkoodam is the best trekking place here.

Another attractions here are the deer farm, the Lion Safari Park and a crocodile rearing center. Animals seen here are Nilgiri Tahr, sloth bear, Elephants, wild boar gaur, jungle cat, etc. The Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary is located 30 km from Thiruvananthapuram.

Shendurni Wildlife Sanctaury

Shendurni Wildlife Sanctaury is located 70 Kms from Kollam. It is situated on the banks of the Shendurny River.It is a green valley of splendid forests.The sanctuary is surrounded by steep, rugged peaks breathtaking valleys. Palaruvi- the beautiful picnic spot located near the park has a vivid range of animals including lion tailed macaques , Barking Deers, Elephants, Gaurs, ,tigers, leopards, bears, Python and the Indian Porcupine

Peechi Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary

Located in the catchment area of the Peechi and Vazhani dams.The sanctuary is blessed with the presence of rare flora and fauna.The wild area is the habitat of Tigers, Leopards, Spotted and Barking deer, Sambar and Wild Dogs. The area is reported to have 50 Species of medicinal plants.